Tempura – RecipeTin Japan


Tempura is likely one of the most well-known dishes of Japan. Deep fried seafood and greens coated in tempura batter are famend for the fragile crispy coating that’s fairly completely different to different deep fried meals world wide.

With the correct batter combine and some suggestions (cooking video is under the recipe), tempura is surprisingly simple to make at dwelling.

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com

A Signature Dish in Japanese Delicacies – Tempura

Tempura (天ぷら or 天婦羅) was an on a regular basis meals and offered at meals stands. I’m speaking about 18th to mid-Nineteenth century, when Japanese had been sporting kimonos and males had been carrying swords. Later, tempura outlets began opening and so they turned specialty tempura eating places.

These days, I might say that tempura is taken into account to be a fine-dining dish. When you might have kaiseki ryori, a Japanese-style full-course dinner, tempura is nearly all the time included within the menu.

It should take years of extremely expert coaching to make tempura just like the tempura cooks do, and chances are you’ll not be capable of make them appear to be the professionals’ (I actually can’t!), however you may nonetheless make scrumptious tempura at dwelling. I’ll present you the way, however first, let me clarify a couple of key issues which can enable you to make good tempura.


In my recipe, I used prawns, eggplant, enoki mushrooms, carrot and shiso (紫蘇 or しそ, Japanese perilla) leaves as a result of I occurred to have these greens in my fridge.

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com

However tempura might be made with many mixtures of seafood and greens. See the everyday tempura substances under.

Seafood – prawn (shrimp), whiting, squid, scallop, conger eel
Greens – pumpkin, carrot, eggplant, candy potato, burdock, lotus root, shiitake mushrooms, shiso (Japanese perilla) leaves

Of these, prawn (shrimp) is little question the most well-liked ingredient. Oily fish and flaky fish will not be appropriate. Among the many Japanese individuals, the most well-liked vegetable substances are pumpkin and candy potato. However chances are you’ll like different greens. I like eggplant, because it melts in your mouth.

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com

I generally make tempura with solely greens known as shojin-age (精進揚げ). The title got here from the Buddhist monks’ vegetarian cooking, known as shojin ryori (精進料理). In the event you make shojin-age and serve with dipping sauce made with vegetarian dashi inventory corresponding to konbu dashi (please seek advice from Styles of Dashi Inventory), it can grow to be a vegetarian dish.

All of the substances must be patted dry with paper towel to take away extra water. You can mud substances corresponding to prawns (shrimps), eggplants with flour earlier than dipping them within the batter. It will obtain constant coating of batter. However I typically skip dusting step. Root greens corresponding to carrot and burdock must be julienned. Within the case of shiso leaves, you place batter on one aspect solely (the again of the leaf), as a way to present the brilliant inexperienced color of the leaf.

Tempura Batter

Lots of the tempura batter recipes on the web use bicarb soda or baking powder in pursuit of constructing the batter crunchy when fried. Conventional batter is only a combination of flour, egg and water.

The 2 secrets and techniques to a crunchy tempura are:

  1. Don’t overmix the batter. Whenever you combine the batter an excessive amount of, it prompts wheat gluten and it makes the batter heavy and dough like when fried; and
  2. Hold it tremendous chilly so that it’s going to decelerate the activation of gluten.  Additionally the batter scatters when fried which creates the sunshine bubbly floor that tempura is understood for.

So listed here are the important thing issues to creating crunchy batter:

  • Hold the batter substances chilly – chill all substances, even flour, within the fridge in a single day if doable.
  • Combine chilled water and egg first, then add flour.
  • Don’t combine the batter an excessive amount of – simply draw the quantity 8 within the batter a a number of instances and  don’t fear about powdery lumps of flour remaining within the batter.

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com


A very powerful factor is the temperature of the oil. The best temperature is dependent upon the substances. Comply with these frying suggestions:

  • Greens must be deep fried at 170C (325F), whereas seafood must be at 180C (350F).
  • The depth of the oil must be at least 3cm (1¼”).
  • Use a deep frypan, or a saucepan with a flat backside, in order that the temperature of the oil shall be even.
  • The oil shouldn’t be overcrowded with substances.

Fry greens first, then seafood.

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com

Dipping Sauce

Tempura dipping sauce is kind of easy to make. It’s only a combination of dashi inventory (please seek advice from Dwelling Type Japanese Dashi Inventory), mirin and soy sauce. The portion of those substances is 4:1:1 respectively. In the event you choose stronger flavour of the sauce, you would make the ratio as much as 3:1:1. The tempura must be eaten whereas sizzling and the sauce must be served heat.

Whenever you order a tempura dish, you’ll discover {that a} small quantity of grated daikon (white radish) and grated ginger are positioned subsequent to the tempura (see the primary photograph of this submit for instance). They’re meant to be added to the tempura dipping sauce just like the photograph under.

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com

This recipe is kind of lengthy, however solely as a result of I’ve tried to clarify the preparation of every ingredient and the frying technique intimately. When you perceive it, it’s really fairly easy and quick to prepare dinner.

Why don’t you make tempura at dwelling as a substitute of consuming out at eating places?

Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com



Learn how to make Tempura, one of the most iconic foods of Japan! japan.recipetineats.com


Tempura is likely one of the greatest recognized meals of Japan. It is a conventional Japanese recipe, made with an genuine batter (ie no baking soda or baking powder). An important tempura has a crunchy coating that’s gentle and delicate, by no means heavy and oily. Tempura might be made with all kinds of greens and seafood. This recipe is for a wide range of tempura. Be at liberty to make kind of of whichever ones you need – for instance, should you can’t get all of the substances. Prep time doesn’t embrace the time to sit back batter substances in a single day.

Recipe Sort:

Most important



Serves: 4 servings

Creator: Yumiko

Elements (tbsp=15ml, cup=250ml)

Tempura Elements

  • 1
    small eggplant
    (about 80g (2.8oz), Notice 2)
  • 50g (2 oz)
    enoki mushrooms (Notice 3)
  • 4
    of 5cm x 1cm (2 x 2/5”) yaki nori (roasted seaweed)
    (Notice 3)
  • 50g (2 oz)
  • 4
    shiso leaves
    (Japanese perilla, Notice 4)
  • 12
    (shrimps) (Notice 5)
  • Oil for deep frying
    (Notice 6)

Batter (Notice 7)

  • 1
  • 200ml (6.5 oz)
    chilly water
  • 240ml (8.1 oz)


Dipping Sauce

  1. Add dashi inventory and mirin to a small saucepan over excessive warmth and convey to a boil.

  2. Add soy sauce and as quickly because it begins boiling, flip the warmth off and put apart till required.

Making ready for Tempura Elements

  1. Eggplant: Discard the top of the eggplant, then minimize it lengthwise in half. Halve every bit once more by reducing perpendicularly to the primary minimize. Place them skin-side up on a reducing board and slice every bit into lengths of 5mm (¼”) width, conserving the slim finish of the eggplant piece intact for about 1.5cm (½”), so that it’s going to grow to be like a fan.

  2. Enoki mushrooms: Divide the enoki mushrooms into 4 bunches. Take a strip of yaki nori and wrap it across the root finish of a bunch to maintain the stems collectively. Moist the tip of the yaki nori strip to attach it.

  3. Carrots: Julienne the carrots into matchsticks of 5cm (2”) size.

  4. Prawns (shrimps): Take away the top, peel and devein prawns (Notice 8), leaving on the final section and the tail. Make 3 slits at equal intervals on the underside of every prawn to cease them from curling when cooked.

Mixing Batter (do that whereas oil is heating)

  1. Add the egg and chilly water to a bowl or measuring cup, and blend effectively till there isn’t a cluster of egg white.

  2. Add two thirds every of the egg combination and the flour to a separate bowl, and gently combine by drawing the quantity 8 a number of instances, leaving powdery lumps of flour. Hold the remaining egg combination and flour within the fridge, as they are going to be added later (Notice 9).


  1. Fill a deep frypan or pot with oil as much as a minimal depth of 3cm (1¼”) and warmth the oil to 170C (335F). Drop a tiny quantity of batter onto the floor, and if it hardly touches the underside and returns to the floor, it’s on the proper temperature.

  2. Prepare dinner the identical substances collectively except you’re serving one individual at a time. The order can fluctuate, however prawns must be cooked final. Prepare dinner in batches however don’t cowl greater than 30-40% of the floor space of the oil with the tempura. Elements must be patted dry earlier than dipping within the batter.


  1. Eggplants – dip within the batter to coat your entire eggplant piece, then drop it gently into the oil one after the other. Prepare dinner for about 45-60 seconds till the eggplant tempura involves the floor and you’ll see massive bubbles round it. Flip it over and prepare dinner for an extra 45 seconds or so till the eggplant turns into gentle when lifted and really flippantly browned, then switch to a wire rack.

  2. Enoki mushrooms – maintain on the root with a yaki nori strip and dip the enoki within the batter, with out letting go in order that the yaki nori strip just isn’t coated. Drop it gently into the oil and prepare dinner for 10-20 seconds. Flip it over and prepare dinner for few seconds. Switch to a wire rack.

  3. Shiso leaves – maintain the tip of the stem and dip solely the again aspect of the leaf into the batter, then drop the entire leaf into the oil, ensuring that the battered aspect is going through the underside of the pan. Prepare dinner for 5-10 seconds and switch to a wire rack.

  4. Carrots – add all of the carrot sticks to the batter. Take a few quarter of them and place on a flat picket spatula, then slide them into the oil whereas holding them collectively. Prepare dinner for about 60 seconds till the carrot tempura comes as much as the floor and you’ll see massive bubbles round it. Flip it over and prepare dinner for an extra 45-60 seconds, then switch to a wire rack.


  1. Add remaining egg combination and flour to the batter and gently combine identical to the primary time. Attempt to not combine with the batter left on the backside of the bowl an excessive amount of as they’re now glutinous.

  2. Improve the temperature of the oil to 180C (350F). At this temperature, whenever you drop a tiny quantity of batter it can floor immediately.

  3. Maintain a prawn by the tail and dip it into the batter, leaving the tail uncoated. Drop it gently into the oil and prepare dinner for about 60 seconds, till it involves the floor and you’ll see massive bubbles round it. Flip it over and prepare dinner for an extra 45-60 seconds, then switch to a wire rack.

Serving (Notice 10)

  1. Place one piece every of eggplant, enoki mushroom and carrot tempura onto the plate. Place three prawns tail-side up, then a shiso tempura. Repeat for the opposite three servings.

  2. Take 1 / 4 of daikon per serving and gently squeeze out any water, then place it to the aspect of the tempura. Add 1 / 4 of the ginger on prime of the daikon.

  3. Serve instantly with dipping sauce in a small bowl.

Recipe Notes

1. Please seek advice from Dwelling Type Japanese Dashi Inventory for how one can make dashi inventory.

The flavour of the dipping sauce just isn’t as sturdy as in another recipes. The ratio of dashi inventory, mirin and soy sauce is 4:1:1 respectively. You can change this ratio to three:1:1 should you choose a stronger flavour.

2. I purchased a small eggplant about 12cm (4¾”) lengthy, 4cm (1½”) huge. If you will discover shorter eggplants, you should utilize two and skip the step to halve the size, ie. the second minimize in my recipe.

Frequent eggplant offered in Sydney is slightly massive, about 15-18cm (6-7”) lengthy, 6-8cm (2½-3”) huge. This isn’t appropriate for preparation as described above. In the event you can solely discover a big eggplant, you would merely slice it into 5mm (3/16”) thick chew sizes.

3. You possibly can substitute enoki mushrooms with shiitake should you like. Then you definately received’t want yaki nori to tie the stems collectively. Within the case of shiitake mushrooms, it can look prettier if you don’t cowl your entire mushroom cap with the batter, in order that the color will present when fried.

4. Shiso is a Japanese perilla, a herb with a fairly distinctive perfume. It has broad leaves of about 8cm x 6cm (3⅛” x 2⅜”). There are pink shiso leaves in addition to inexperienced shiso leaves, however the inexperienced ones are used for tempura. Extra particulars might be present in Wikipedia.

You should buy shiso leaves at Japanese grocery shops. You would possibly discover perilla leaves in Asian grocery shops or Asian vegetable outlets, however they’re more than likely the Korean perilla leaves, that are bigger and fairly completely different from the Japanese perilla.

5. I used medium prawns about 40g (1.5 oz) every earlier than eradicating head and shell. Any smaller than this may not be beneficial. If fairly massive, you would scale back the quantity to 2 per serve and the cooking time could be longer.

6. Use vegetable oil or canola oil. You can additionally add a small quantity of sesame oil so as to add flavour to the tempura should you like. Skilled tempura cooks do combine sesame oil to the frying oil. Olive oil just isn’t appropriate.

7. This can be very vital to maintain the batter chilly. I measured the substances after which left them within the fridge in a single day, even the flour.

The amount (quantity) of flour required to make the batter is identical as that of the egg combination (water + egg). That’s why the flour is measured in quantity, not in weight within the substances record. Relying on the dimensions of the egg, you may regulate the quantity of flour. In case you are making a smaller amount, you would simply use an egg yolk.

8. If the vein doesn’t come out by pulling it from the place the top was, you should utilize a toothpick to take away the vein by piercing the center of the again and lifting up the vein gently.

You don’t make a slit alongside the again of the prawn to take away the vein when getting ready for tempura.

9. I saved one third of the batter substances to be added after the carrots are fried. It’s because by the point the carrot sticks are battered, the batter would have activated gluten rather a lot and grow to be heavy batter, making crisp flippantly battered prawn tempura tough to attain.

10. There aren’t any guidelines as to what must be positioned the place, however when plating, attempt to give top with the prawns by leaning them in opposition to one another. In spite of everything, prawns are the king of tempura!

Grated daikon and ginger could also be added to the dipping sauce earlier than consuming. You don’t have so as to add these, as it’s g even with out them.

Alternatively, you would serve the entire tempura on a big plate to share, accompanied by daikon and ginger in a separate bowl, with dipping sauce for particular person.

11. To make vegetarian tempura, make it with greens and utilizing konbu dashi inventory (please seek advice from Styles of Dashi Inventory) for dipping sauce.

Phew! That’s a protracted recipe. After studying my recipe, Nagi insisted that I have to embrace a video. I used to be the prepare dinner (after all) and Nagi was the video taker utilizing iPhone. The iPhone allowed her to maneuver round extra simply to take a video from completely different angles on the range in my kitchen. However the down aspect was the shortage of stability and you’ll discover that the display screen is a bit wobbly. Nagi mentioned she bought sea sick by staring on the wobbly footage whereas enhancing your entire video to minimize right down to this quick model. Thanks, Nagi, for serving to me to make this video!



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